Unshackling Expression: Philippines Report

This report takes a multi-level approach by first going through government restrictions directly affecting and may result to violations of freedom of expression online and offline, especially in light of a law that transformed all penal provisions into cybercrimes.

Second, the report also notes government actions and restrictions that, on their face, appear unrelated to clampdowns on freedom of expression, but nonetheless have the effect of self-censorship and chilling free speech and therefore may be cited again in the future as an indirect intrusion to free speech.

Third, the report discusses related issues and their mutual impact, since these rights and responsibilities do not exist in a vacuum.

Publication date: October 2020

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